The project supports mediation, local consultation, and dialogue in four Yemeni governorates and seeks to include local governance issues in the peace process.
Timeframe: 2017 - 2022
The project supports mediation, local consultation, and dialogue in four Yemeni governorates and seeks to ensure that local concerns and questions of local governance are sufficiently taken into account in Yemeni and international policymaking and in peace negotiations.
The overall objective of the project is to support stabilisation in four selected governorates in Yemen: Hadramout, Dhamar, al-Mahra, and Amran. In each of these governorates, the project supports an inclusive consultative committee that complements the existing administrative set up and advises the governors on development and peacebuilding needs and priorities. In cooperation with GIZ, these committees also act as the steering committees for small project grants, implemented by district local authorities with support from GIZ.
In addition, the project supports local peace initiatives in the four project governorates and facilitates discussions and the uptake of evidence at international and national levels to generate political support for an more effective and inclusive local governance in Yemen.
Phase I: May 2017 to December 2019
Phase II: January 2020 to June 2022
Since the internationally supported—and celebrated—transition process in Yemen broke down at the end of 2014, Yemen has been in a state of open war. The warring parties are supported by rival regional powers and are internally fragmented. As a result, the war has not only displaced millions of people and created the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, but has also undermined already weak state institutions and fragmented local governance and service provision.
Questions of local governance and local service provision therefore loom large: if the war continues, dialogue, services, and a functioning policy process at the local level can help insulate Yemen’s citizens from the worst of its effects and safeguard increasingly fragile institutions. If a breakthrough in the peace process is achieved, functioning and inclusive local governance will be essential to make peace stick, by delivering a tangible peace dividend to citizens and by safeguarding local progress while a new government hashes out difficult compromises at the centre.
Local governance structures provide very an entry point for both the stabilisation of the country, to help secure the necessary conditions for a peace process, and to help make a peace agreement function in practice—and in any scenario the local authorities will play a key role in providing basic services to the local population.
The project activities fall under three main clusters.
- Initiating and sustaining policy discussions: the project aims to build consensus among national elites in Yemen on how local governance in Yemen can play a long-term role in stabilisation and recovery and to inform international policymakers of the importance of considering different Yemeni perspectives on local governance in their programming.
- Supporting inclusive consultations and dialogues in four Yemeni governorates: the project supports an inclusive consultative committee in each governorate that complements the existing administrative set up and advises the governors on development and peacebuilding needs and priorities. In cooperation with GIZ, these committees also act as the steering committees for small project grants, implemented by district local authorities with support from GIZ.
- Support to local mediation and reconciliation activities: the project supports local peace initiatives in the four project governorates. We build on strong Yemeni mediation traditions to provide mediators with additional tools and skills, support selected initiatives, and help mediators and communities raise funds from local businesspeople, international organisations, and community members themselves to restore services once conflicts could be successfully mediated.
Updates from this work:
Publications from this project:
- Mapping of Local Governance in Yemeni Governorates
- Local Governance in Yemen. Theory, Practice, and Future Options
Joshua Rogers. 2019
- Legal Assessment of the Local Authority System in Yemen and Proposals for Development
Ahmed Mohamed Al-Mawari. 2018
- Local Governance: Engine for Stability in Yemen
Badr Basalmah. 2018
- Local Revenue and Resource Allocation in Yemen
- The Importance of Local Governance in Strengthening and Supporting the Political Process in Yemen
Abdul-Raqib Fatih. 2018
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