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Explore our publications, from research papers and series to educational materials, covering all aspects of conflict transformation and peace promotion.

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Engaging with whom? Opportunities and Challenges of PVE approaches in Germany and IraqBerghof Handbook Dialogue No. 13 - comment

This comment on the lead article to our Handbook Dialogue on Transformative Approaches to Violent Extremism discusses Abu-Nimer’s suggestion to engage more seriously with religious agencies and actors, using Iraq as an example.

It examines how religion and its identity components are being integrated in project structures of international NGOs (INGOs) in Iraq and the limitations of this approach. It also presents the negative impact of CVE/PVE approaches on practitioners in the field of international media development. Finally, the article discusses the German Government’s ‘Live Democracy!’ to support the call for a holistic ‘idealism’ approach in PVE.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Maral Jekta
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Berghof Handbook Dialogue Series No. 13 - IntroductionHandbook Dialogue Series No. 13

Berghof Handbook Dialogue No. 13 looks more deeply at what it takes to formulate transformative approaches to violent extremism. The lead article by Mohammed Abu-Nimer puts a call for interreligious peacebuilding centre-stage, which takes seriously and truly integrates the perspective of actors otherwise often defined as part of the problem. Respondents from a variety of backgrounds will, over the months to come, discuss these propositions. They will shed light on systemic contexts, the role of identity and gender, practice-oriented work with youth and regional contexts such as the Western Balkans and the MENA region.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Beatrix Austin, Hans-Joachim Giessmann
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Bases de la Facilitación del Diálogo

Diálogo – el intercambio significativo y significante de percepciones y opiniones – es uno de los métodos más frecuentes a los que las personas recurren cuando se trata de cuestiones conflictivas. Enfoques como mediación y negociación, a menudo utilizados para resolver diferencias a nivel político y social, incorporan elementos de diálogo, más si se está tratando con un diálogo de alto nivel, como el que se sostuvo en el Yemen o en Sudán en los últimos años por medio de reuniones regionales o encuentros comunales. En estos escenarios de conflicto es crucial que se proceda convocando y celebrando reuniones de diálogo cuidadosamente – especialmente en aquellos con el potencial de tornarse violentos. A pesar de un sinnúmero de manuales y reflexiones sobre el buen diálogo, la pregunta de cómo prepararse y establecer un diálogo exitoso sigue siendo apremiante e intrigante para los y las practicantes y académicos/as por igual.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Norbert Ropers
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The Roles of Women in Counter-Radicalisation and Disengagement (CRaD) ProcessesBest Practices and Lessons Learned from Europe and the Arab World

This input paper was provided in the framework of a workshop on the roles of women in counter-radicalisation and disengagement (CRaD) processes organized by the Berghof Foundation in Beirut in August 2017. The author looked into best practices and lessons learned from Europe and the Arab World. She also analysed the dynamics of the workshop and introduced among others the recommendations put forward by the participants.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Jennifer Philippa Eggert
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Emotional Dynamics in Conflict and Conflict TransformationHandbook Article

This article explores how emotions significantly arise in and through situational interactions, which either contribute to or weaken parties’ agency. Four forms of interaction are suggested that shape emotional dynamics in conflict and conflict transformation: (1) cooperative interaction, which leads to positive emotional energy (EE) such as confidence and trust that promote action, (2) dominating interaction, in which the dominating party gains more positive EE than the dominated party, (3) conflictual interaction, which generates negative EE that drives conflictual action, and (4) disengaged interaction, which causes loss of focus, boredom, indifference and fatigue.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Isabel Bramsen, Poul Poder
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National Dialogue in Libya: The National Dialogue Preparatory CommissionNational Dialogue Handbook: Case Studies

This paper examines the unsuccessful efforts to instigate a National Dialogue in Libya over 2011-14. It uses the Libyan case to hypothesise that for National Dialogues to be successful, the context and conditions under which they are inaugurated must be favourable, and seeks to identify what conditions in Libya combined to cause its early efforts to falter. The paper first analyses what conditions existed in Libya 2011-14 and why they led to the view that a National Dialogue was necessary. It then addresses the conditions under which the National Dialogue was established, and also analyses the various alternatives to National Dialogue mooted during this time. In its conclusion, the paper attempts to extract what lessons or principles can be drawn from the Libyan case that are of relevance to future National Dialogue design processes, and to the case literature on this mechanism.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Felix-Anselm van Lier
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Warbixin lagu qiimeynaayo Colaadaha GobolkaHirshabeelle, Soomaaliya

Warbixintaan waxay ka hadleysaa arimaha Soomaalida khuseeya iyo waxa aay ka aaminsanyihiin colaadda iyo dib u heshiisiinta, gaar ahaan kuwa dega gobolka Hirshabelle. Warbixinta waxay diiradda saareysaa aragtida ku saabsan amniga guud ee degmooyinka, colaad aha noocyadooda kala duwan ee ka jira degmooyinka, arimo muhiim ah oo colaadda huriya, dadka ugu muhiimsan ee colaadda qeybta ka ah, hindisayaasha hadda jira ee colaadda lagu maareyo, caqabadaha hortaagan dhex dhexaadiyasha, iyo baahida iyo shuruudaha ku x iran dib u heshiisiin iyo dhex dhexaadin.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Abass Kassim Sheikh
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Conflict Assessment ReportHirshabelle State, Somalia

This report discusses the pertinent concerns and perceptions of Somalis about conflict and reconciliation issues in the areas in which they live in Hirshabelle State. The report focuses on perceptions related to the general security situation of the districts, various types of conflicts that exist in the districts, critical factors that drive conflicts, key stakeholders of the conflicts, current initiatives for managing the conflicts, challenges faced by the mediators, and the needs and prerequisites for reconciliation and mediation. The report highlights similarities and differences between the districts of the state, though it should be noted that the similarities exceed the differences. The findings of the assessment are rich and complex. Four significant highlights will be presented in more detail.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Abass Kassim Sheikh
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Changing the past in our headsA facilitator's guide to listening workshops

The history of this manual goes back to November 2012, when the Berghof Foundation’s Caucasus Programme gathered young people from Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia to learn how to record biographical interviews and discuss questions of history, memory and conflict. This was the starting point of a process involving Georgian, Abkhaz and South Ossetian stakeholders of war-memorialization: the “Berghof History Dialogue Process”.

  • Year2018
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Alternative Approaches to Transforming Violent Extremism. The Case of Islamic Peace and Interreligious PeacebuildingBerghof Handbook Dialogue Series No. 13 - lead

This article critically examines the emerging CVE/PVE field and explores an alternative approach to address two core questions: how do various CVE/PVE approaches relate to current issues of violent extremism (VE) in Muslim communities, and what are the areas of intersection between interreligious peacebuilding and the various CVE/PVE approaches? In exploring the responses to these two dimensions, it is essential to analyse the assumptions and functions that CVE/PVE fulfil in the current crisis that faces many Muslim and non-Muslim governments around the world, especially in Europe and North America. Since “countering Islamic” terrorism and VE (based on the misperception and assumption that Muslims are disproportionately responsible for acts of violence) constitute the core of CVE/PVE approaches, it is necessary to explore whether this is the most effective method in confronting “Islamic threats”.

  • Year2018
  • Author(s)Mohammed Abu-Nimer
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