12 May 2016

Armed Social Violence and Peacebuilding: Towards an operational approach

Berghof Handbook Dialogue Series No. 12 - lead article

In some countries, more civilians are being killed by armed gangs and criminal organisations than in traditional combat. Still, these pockets of armed social violence – “Undeclared wars” marked, among other things, by criminal, gang and/or urban violence – have long received much less attention than politically motivated forms of armed conflicts. As their effects – social-political destabilisation, in some cases coinciding with high numbers of victims – are becoming more pressing, national and international actors have begun addressing the phenomenon.


Bernardo Arévalo de León, Ana Glenda Tager


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