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Explore our publications, from research papers and series to educational materials, covering all aspects of conflict transformation and peace promotion.

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Peacemaking and Constitutional Change: Negotiating Power-sharing Arrangements and Identity IssuesThe Republic of (North) Macedonia and The Ohrid Framework Agreement

Stankovski looks at the case of the Republic of Macedonia and the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) of 2001, which averted a full-blown civil war, the subsequent constitution making process, and the implementation of the constitution.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Boshko Stankovski
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Les Interactions Entre le Processus de Paix et l'Elaboration Constitutionnelle au BurundiFacteur de Stabilité ou de Crise ?

Cette étude sur les interactions entre le processus de paix burundais et le(s) processus d’élaboration de(s) la constitution(s) qui a (ont) suivi s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un projet plus vaste portant sur diverses études de cas similaires où des conflits à dimension politicoidentitaire ont conduit à des négociations de paix menées sous médiation internationale, qui ont abouti par la suite à des processus de réforme et/ou de changement constitutionnel.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Willy Peter Nindorera
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Constitution Making in Contexts of ConflictPaying Attention to Process

Carl sets the background of his study as such: Behind the headlines of reformed and new constitutions lie complex and dynamic processes with prominent and less prominent actors and initiatives, all taking place in same space and time as the ongoing crisis and conflicts. When successful, their actions add up to processes of constitution building that represent a new and purposeful dynamic of accommodation and assertion of a new law-based order. This transformative change emerges out of the counter-current of powerful and self-perpetuating economic, political and social systems of conflict. Within this background, Carl addresses questions like: what do we know about how such change processes happen, and what can we learn from those deliberate, planned and implemented projects, initiatives and interventions? He sets out a series of framing issues and concepts.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Andy Carl
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Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalationThe case of al-Shabaab in Somalia

Since 2006 Somalia is caught in a spiral of violence and suffering from continuing attacks by the Salafi jihadi Armed Group (SJAG) al-Shabaab. This case study report asks under which circumstances al-Shabaab has reduced its violent behaviour in the past and explores the experiences and options for third party dialogue engagement.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Karin Göldner-Ebenthal
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Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalationThe case of Ahrar al-Sham in Syria

In the Syrian civil war, the Salafi jihadi armed group Ahrar al-Sham was one of the largest and most powerful non-state armed groups. This report outlines the development of Ahrar al-Sham and explores the conditions that led to its de-escalation and analyses as a second step the role and challenges of dialogue engagement.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Karin Göldner-Ebenthal, Ahmed Elsayed
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Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalationThe case of Ansar Dine in Mali

As violent conflict erupted in Mali in 2012, the Salafi jihadi Armed Group (SJAG) Ansar Dine quickly emerged as one of its main protagonists, and its leader Iyad Ag Ghaly retained a prominent role within the umbrella entity Jamāʿat nuṣrat al-islām wal-muslimīn (Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims, JNIM) formed in March 2017.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Tim Jan Roetman, Marie Migeon, Véronique Dudouet
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Dialogue with Salafi jihadi armed groupsChallenges and opportunities for conflict de-escalation

In some of the most intense ongoing armed conflicts (Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia and Nigeria, to name a few), violent state challengers are characterised by their radical religious beliefs rooted in Salafi-based Islamism.

To better understand possible pathways to violence de-escalation or conflict transformation in such contexts, one needs to analyse the behavioural, ideological and organisational patterns of Salafi jihadi armed groups (SJAGs).

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Karin Göldner-Ebenthal, Véronique Dudouet, Marie Migeon
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Conflict Assessment, Galmudug StateAn Analysis of Local Perspectives

This study investigated the nature and dynamics of conflicts in Galmudug State. The assessment examined the various conflicts that exist in the state and the key actors that play a central role in these conflicts. The assessment also examined the conflict resolution mechanisms that are used to resolve local conflicts in Galmudug State, and the actors that play an important role in conflict resolution and reconciliation processes. Furthermore, we examined opinions and attitudes on topics such as federal-ism, the 4.5 system and overall political participation in Galmudug State. Lastly, the study investigated the various challenges to conflict resolution and reconciliation processes as well as the urgent needs of the citizens of Galmudug State with regard to peace and conflict.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Abass Kassim Sheikh, Janel B. Galvanek, Pascal Grimm
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Warbixin ku saabsan Qiimeynta Khilaafka ee Dowlad Goboledka GalmudugFalanqayn Ku Saabsan Deeganka Aragtidooda

Daraasadaan waxay baaris ku sameysay nooca iyo habka is rogrogidda khilaafaadka Galmudug. Qiimeyntu waxay baartay khilaafaad kala duwan oo gobolka ka dhex jira iyo jilayaasha doorka ugu muhiimsan. Waxaa kale oo ay qiimeyntu baartay habkii horay khilaafka Galmudug loogu xallin jiray, iyo jilayaasha doorka muhiimka ah ka ciyaara xallinta khilaafka iyo geedi-socodka dib u heshiisiinta. Intaa waxaa dheer in aan baarnay fikrada iyo aragtiyo ay ka mid yihiin federaal, nidaamka 4.5 iyo guud ahaan ka qeybgalka siyaasadda Galmudug. Ugu dambeyntii, daraasadaan waxay baartay caqabada kala duwan oo ku gudban xallinta khilaafka iyo geedi-socodka dib u heshiisiinta, iyo sidoo kale, baahida deg degga ah ee uu shacabka reer Galmudug qabo markii loo eego nabad iyo khilaaf.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Abass Kassim Sheikh, Janel B. Galvanek, Pascal Grimm
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SIPRI Yearbook 2019Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security (Kurzfassung auf Deutsch)

Das SIPRI Yearbook 2019 verbindet Originaldaten aus Bereichen wie weltweiten Militärausgaben, internationalen Waffentransfers, Rüstungsproduktion, Nuklearstreitkräften, bewaffneten Konflikten und multilateralen Friedenseinsätzen mit aktuellen Analysen wichtiger Aspekte der Rüstungskontrolle, des Friedens und der internationalen Sicherheit. Diese Broschüre fasst den Inhalt des SIPRI Yearbook 2019 zusammen und bietet eine Auswahl der darin enthaltenen Daten und Analysen.

  • Year2019
  • Author(s)Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
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