14 Dec 2022

Observe and Act

The role of armed and political movements in the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda in Myanmar

Berghof Foundation and Fight for Humanity, with the support of the German Federal Foreign Office, conducted a participatory research project examining the role that armed and political movements can play to implement UNSCR 1325. The research is based on the experiences of two Ethnic Resistance Organisations (EROs) from Myanmar: the Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and the Karen National Union (KNU). One of the key findings is that the movements do engage with this agenda and have maintained a constant dialogue with women’s organisations in their territories. However, a conservative mindset still exists among parts of the leadership as well the general population. Consequently, measures to protect women in conflict areas are limited and mainly decided on by men, which reduce their effectiveness.


Zin Mar Phyo, Véronique Dudouet, Ann-Kristin Sjöberg, Tilman Papesch, Katharina Schmitz, Nicolas Sion, Maw Day Myar, Thinzar Linn Htet


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